作者：Lei Wang, Ming Xu, and Hao Cheng
题名：Phishing scams detection via temporal graph attention network in Ethereum
期刊：Information Processing & Management, vol. 60, no. 4, pp. 103412, 2023 （SSCI, SCI一区TOP）
摘要：Recently, phishing scams have become one of the most serious types of crime involved in Ethereum, the second-largest blockchain-based cryptocurrency platform. The existing phishing scams detection techniques for Ethereum mostly use traditional machine learning or network representation learning to mine the key information from the transaction network and identify phishing addresses. However, these methods typically crop the temporal transaction graph into snapshot sequences or construct temporal random wanderings to model the dynamic evolution of the topology of the transaction graph. In this paper, we propose PDTGA, a method that applies graph representation learning based on temporal graphs attention to improve the effectiveness of phishing scams detection in Ethereum. Specifically, we learn the functional representation of time directly and model the time signal through the interactions between the time encoding function and node features, edge features, and the topology of the graph. We collected a real-world Ethereum phishing scam dataset, containing over 250,000 transaction records between more than 100,000 account addresses, and divided them into three datasets of different sizes. Through data analysis, we first summarized the periodic pattern of Ethereum phishing scam activities. Then we constructed 14 kinds of account node features and 3 kinds of transaction edge features. Experimental evaluations based on the above three datasets demonstrate that PDTGA with 94.78% AUC score and 88.76% recall score outperforms the state-of-the-art methods.